93. Johannes Brahms’ Begräbnisgesang for band and chorus

This is an important composition in the repertoire of the band. In part this is so because Brahms wrote very few instrumental compositions, apart from the piano. Because his symphonies are still so frequently performed, it is a surprise to learn that he only wrote nine works for orchestra! In addition we know he was a very slow-working perfectionist, having worked on the first symphony for twenty years before releasing it.

When I was living in Vienna, on one occasion attending a performance by the famed Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, I heard their performance of the Second Symphony by Brahms. This is a score I knew well, having conducted it from memory with an orchestra while a student at the University of Michigan. But sitting in the great concert hall there, while, of course, being totally absorbed in listening to the music, on several occasions I heard a chord that I did not recognize. And once several measures of a melodic line I instantly knew was not in the score I learned! At that time I had made a friend of the Philharmonic librarian, a retired violinist, while looking for several of the lost large wind band scores by Mahler. So on the day after this concert I went to visit him to ask about what I heard. He informed me the library contained not only the final published version of the Symphony, but also a complete set of parts for the original publication, after which Brahms made changes in the music. On occasion he said, just for the enjoyment of the orchestra, they performed the original version.

In 1857 Brahms became the conductor of the choral society at Detmold. The fine wind players available in this court are reflected in a number of Brahms’ compositions at this time. Indeed, Florence May, an important early biographer of Brahms, indicated that the Serenade Nr. 1 was originally composed for a wind octet. It was at this time that Brahms composed his Begräbnisgesang for chorus and wind band, a work Brahms himself conducted several times, the first under his baton being a performance at the Gradener’s Academy in Hamburg on December 2, 1859.

Traditionally scholars have said this work was a study for the second movement of the later famous Requiem. But I believe there is a more important story behind this work. The reader will recall not only the long friendship which Brahms had with Robert Schumann, but his debt to Schumann for the promotion of his career. It is also well-known that Brahms had a close relationship with Schumann’s wife, Clara, and later widow, one of the great love stories of the nineteenth century. The three were very close during Schumann’s final illness and death on July 29, 1856. There is a long tradition in the Catholic Church, observed in Europe and in South America, that after one’s death the survivors must wait one year or more before the end of mourning and the celebrating a major Mass or commemoration. Therefore, one year after Schumann’s death would bring us to the general period when this work was written for a private occasion when he and Clara and other family and friends gathered to remember Robert Schumann. It seems clear to me that the sixteenth century text, “Nun last uns den Leib begraben,” which Brahms selected for this music had Schumann in mind, and seems too specific to be used for general purposes. It speaks of “his work, sorrow and misery” and his having been “weighed down by fear.” Now he is at peace and [his reputation] will become “Radiant like the brilliant sun.” It is the music which Brahms sets to his “work,” beginning in bar 49, which first brought this idea to mind. Here, reflecting “his work” we hear, at a piano level, with half-chorus as if the angels were singing, music which sounds very characteristic of Schumann. Suddenly happy, it reminds us of some of the simple and buoyant character of some of Schumann’s music, for example the spirit of his Trällerliedchen [Humming Song] found among his Album for Youth. Surely this is a reference to his friend and his music. It is often quoted that Clara Schumann said of this composition that it was “most glorious.” Perhaps, then, she was speaking not only of the composition, but the noble purpose it served.

In 1973 I had the honor of being requested by the US State Department to record this composition for their “Voice of America” broadcasts in Europe.

This masterpiece by Brahms is available through the amazing catalog by Maxime’s Music at concertbandmusicstore.com.